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Golden Gate Esplanade turns 150 years old Saturday, a above San Francisco moment account honoring, alike if you can’t absolutely appointment it appropriate now.
To allegorize how big this breach is—a communicable notwithstanding—we’ve plumbed the base of the park’s past, present, and approaching to ascertain 150 affidavit to admire this three-mile-long blooming amplitude carved out of beach and bank dunes added than a aeon ago.
This year is a added black anniversary; the burghal canceled best of the park’s celebrations, with citizenry clumsy to absolutely adore what the esplanade has to action while best of us abide abundantly housebound.
Note: No amount how alarming you ability acquisition the city’s bigger park, this is not the time to acquaintance it in person. Until the day we’re chargeless to analyze Golden Gate Esplanade afresh physically, let’s analyze its bequest instead.
1. Civil artist William Hammond Hall was 25 years old aback the burghal handed him the astronomic assignment of designing Golden Gate Park, anecdotic him its aboriginal superintendent.
2. Afore the park, the breadth was a sandy, austere arid application of land, acutely brusque to about all plant-life. Foliating the acreage was the aboriginal abundant claiming handed to Hall.
3. An 1853 map labeled this breadth the “Great Beach Bank,” but it had addition name that should complete accustomed to avant-garde park-goers: the Outside Lands.
4. The burghal advised Central Esplanade artisan Frederick Law Olmsted for the job, but he anticipation it was absurd to actualize a alive esplanade in the arid environment.
5. Olmsted did put alternating a angle anyway, casting a “green belt” that would amplitude beyond the city. Ironically, SF alone the abstraction in allotment because it was not abundant like Central Park.
6. Alike admitting best bodies admired the Outside Lands as a arid desert, the burghal had a big acknowledged action demography buying of the backdrop aback people—mostly squatters—already lived there. It took an 1864 Supreme Cloister cardinal and an 1866 act of Congress to advice achieve the dispute, which continued into 1868.
7. Hall’s assignment began in 1870 with the aboriginal analysis of the area. Agenda that the burghal is now celebratory the park’s 150th ceremony in 2020, acceptation it dates the founding to that 1870 survey, although there was not absolutely abundant of a esplanade there to allege of at the time, acceptation that in a awe-inspiring way Golden Gate Esplanade existed afore it was created. Cosmic.
8. Hall’s big breach came aback he agitated barley from his horse’s banquet into the beach one day, and affable grass bound sprouted. The barley was not alone boxy abundant to abide in the windblown environment, it provided acute apartment for added plants to set bottomward roots and boring transform the absolute area. Not bad for a scattering of agitated horse feed.
9. In accurate SF fashion, anybody had an assessment on the esplanade layout, with some blame Hall to akin the hills and accomplish all of Golden Gate Esplanade a distinct collapsed expanse. But Hall advantaged a naturalistic access that mostly preserved the area’s preexisting ups and downs.
10. By 1872, the esplanade sported 22,000 alive trees. By 1875, historians appraisal that timberline citizenry grew to 60,000 in the once-barren site.
11. Cipher absolutely agrees on how abounding copse Golden Gate Esplanade has these days—counting them all would be absolutely a task—but the high-end estimates are about 130,000.
12. Burghal admiral are burying 150 new copse to mark the park’s 150th birthday.
13. The best accepted timberline varietals active in the aboriginal years were Monterey cypress, Monterey pine, and eucalyptus—all three still all-knowing in Golden Gate Esplanade today. The choices were abundantly practical, as Hall bare copse that could abound fast with bank roots to acclimatized the dunes.
14. The esplanade measures 1,017 acres—panhandle included. Aback aboriginal opened, it abstinent 1,013 acreage but additions bumped its acreage calculation up a bit over the years.
15. The estimated amount of those aboriginal 1,013 acreage was $801,593 in 1868—in avant-garde currency, over $14.6 million.
16. Today the esplanade includes 680 forested acres, 130 acreage of meadows, 15 afar of roads, and 33 acreage of lakes. Best of the blow of the accustomed amplitude gets classified as “fields and attainable spaces.”
17. As with abounding projects in San Francisco, the esplanade angle was monstrously alienated at the time, with abounding critics arresting at spending a affluence aggravating to circuit harbinger into gold with visions of a backwoods growing in a desert. “A absolutely accomplished esplanade could be fabricated upon” the Presidio instead, a absolute acreage bi-weekly wrote in 1872—and it angry out there was article to that idea.
18. It was a point of pride that Golden Gate Esplanade be beyond than New York’s Central Park—which it is by added than 150 acres. But today there are added than 100 burghal parks in the U.S. that are beyond than both.
19. Within a few years of its opening, there was allocution of authoritative the esplanade alike bigger. An 1899 activity of the San Francisco Alarm abundant a angle to extend the batter all the way to the bottom of Van Ness Avenue. A 1900 activity of the Merchant’s Association Review accepted the eyes for authoritative abiding “no allotment of San Francisco is far away” from Golden Gate Park. This was a potentially acceptable idea, but acutely annihilation anytime came of it.
20. Decades later, SF advised actively anarchic on the esplanade instead with a planned freeway that would accept run appropriate through the absolute panhandle. The Board of Supervisors ultimately nixed it in 1966, but the longstanding freeway plan was a big agency in active bottomward home prices in the Haight in the ’60s, which in about-face fabricated the adjacency adorable to counterculture kids attractive to alive on the bargain during the Summer of Love.
21. Although Hall was the park’s abundant founder, he’s overshadowed by his successor, horticulturalist John McLaren, who became administrator in 1890 (after three years in an acting role) and served in the column for 50 years, during which time he both lived and formed in Golden Gate Park. He rarely larboard its confines.
22. A audibly adamant Scottish immigrant, McLaren advantaged a eyes of parks as wholly accustomed spaces, alluringly bare of manmade structures. But alike McLaren accustomed of one beastly architecture in Golden Gate Park: his own home, congenital there in 1896 and now anointed as the McLaren Lodge.
23. You ability anticipate that Golden Gate Park’s curving, cursive alley blueprint is an accomplishment to anatomy about the hills, but according to an oft-cited 19th aeon Almanac, Hall set it up that way “to abash fast horse-and-buggy drivers.” (The hooligans.)
24. For the record, Hall didn’t absolutely appetite any anchorage to cut through the esplanade at all, but burghal planners overruled him, which avant-garde drivers will accede was a acceptable alarm in the continued run.
25. SF Recreation and Esplanade estimates that the acclaimed esplanade sees 25 actor visits (not visitors) yearly, three-quarters of them from the Bay Area, and two-thirds of those San Franciscans.
26. Afore the aperture of the San Francisco Zoo, Golden Gate Esplanade acclimated to affectation alien wildlife, including zebras, emus, beavers, and bison. The bison, of course, are still there.
27. According to the San Francisco Zoo, over 500 bison beasts accept been built-in in Golden Gate Esplanade over the years.
28. The bison paddock added bristles new adolescent bison to its accumulation this year. That brings the absolute citizenry to ten, all of them female.
29. The aboriginal two bison accustomed in 1891, one cow and one bull, transferred from Kansas and Wyoming respectively.
30. Aback the balderdash came first, the San Francisco Examiner alleged him “Ben Harrison,” afterwards the U.S. admiral at the time. The cow that came afterwards becoming the name “Sarah Bernhardt,” allegedly for the French actress.
31. As the San Francisco Chronicle appear in 1891, SF Parks Commissioners capital to buy every absolute American bison in the country (!), but it angry out they could alone allow one. The amount of a balderdash in those canicule was $350, about $10,000 today, the acquirement fabricated via a conservationist agriculturalist active to restore the about abolished bison population.
32. Already aloft a time the esplanade included an asylum with over 2,000 songbirds, but these too fabricated the big cruise to the zoo aback the time came in 1930.
33. So carefully associated are the zoo and the esplanade that SF Zoo traces its own birth aback to a distinct bound Grizzly Bear, Monarch, who already captivated cloister in Golden Gate Park.
34. Among added elements of the appropriate accord amid the esplanade and the zoo, SF Zoo’s koalas augment alone on eucalyptus developed in Golden Gate Park.
35. Although the breadth breadth these birds lived is still alleged the Peacock Meadow, esplanade peacocks no best abide here.
36. Rounding out the wildlife history, over the years we’ve apparent a few broken letters of an alligator in Stow Lake. This is a adorable burghal myth, but such a beastly acceptable couldn’t accumulate a low contour for so long.
37. On the accountable of basin myths, one of SF’s best assiduous apparition belief tells of an adverse mother who drowned herself aggravating to accomplishment her bairn from Stow Lake, cursing her to aberrate the basin bank always in grief. The San Francisco Chronicle contends that a absolute tragedy advancing this adventure aback some kids appear a drowned baby in the basin in 1906.
38. Stow Lake, completed in 1893, is the park’s bigger lake.
39. The accomplished point in the esplanade is Stow Lake’s Strawberry Hill, barometer some 430 anxiety to its peak.
40. It’s acceptable there are no absolute strawberries on Strawberry Hill, as added advancing plants accept taken over its slopes. Although esplanade administration suggests that “vigilant examination” of the slopes may about-face up a few holdouts of the namesake fruit-bearing plant.
41. Afterwards the 1906 earthquake, tens of bags of displaced bodies lived in Golden Gate Esplanade while the burghal rebuilt. Estimates vary, with some historians recording up to 40,000 refugees in the area, while SF Recreation and Esplanade says it was about 100,000.
42. The acting board structures that housed some of those esplanade refugees came to be accepted as convulsion shacks, and some tenants towed them abroad afterwards to anatomy beyond homes from them. Convulse shacks—or their imitators—can draw big money on the SF apartment bazaar these days.
43. Out of 22 statues in the park, alone two characterize women: a circa-1914 emblematic brownish of a avant-garde woman with her two children, amid by the Stow Basin Boathouse, and a cairn to drillmaster Sarah Cooper that includes this figure.
44. The Avant-garde Brownish is additionally the accountable of addition bounded apparition story, captivation that it moves about afterwards dark. This is, in part, a acknowledgment to its odd design, which alike the park’s official ceremony armpit describes as “creepy” and “bizarre.”
45. Admitting its acceptability nowadays, the Avant-garde Brownish was an adventure at the time. Phoebe Apperson Hearst, mother of bi-weekly baron William Randolph Hearst, proposed the idea, and in the appearance of a accurate dejected Hearst publicity stunt, she aloft the money partly through donations of baby change by children.
46. Alone one of the park’s 22 statues resides in the batter section: a canonizing to Admiral William McKinley, committed three years afterwards his 1901 assassination.
47. Observers will no agnosticism apprehension that the McKinley brownish is not of McKinley. Instead its designer, Robert Aitken, crafted a goddess-like amount that he acquainted represented McKinley’s qualities as a civic leader.
48. Due to its batter location—a baby band of esplanade belted on both abandon by active streets—the McKinley cairn is one of the best frequently tagged pieces of attainable acreage in all of San Francisco, so abundant so that charwoman bills for it run up to $10,000 annually.
49. The oldest brownish in the park, dating to 1884, is a canonizing to Admiral James Garfield, who died by assassination six and a bisected months afterwards demography office.
50. The park’s brownish of San Francisco namesake St. Francis of Assisi by sculptor Clara Huntington is extra from a World’s Fair captivated on Abundance Island in the 1930s.
51. McLaren hated statues in parks, generally alignment plantings to abstruse angle of them. Alone afterwards he died did afterwards pruning and agriculture bare a lot of monuments that the boilerplate San Franciscan never accomplished existed. Clever.
52. In a bit of atrocious irony, there is a brownish of McLaren in the park. Created in 1911, it didn’t go on affectation in the esplanade until 1943, afterwards McLaren died and could no best object. This amount stands on the arena afterwards any affectionate of pedestal, to bigger represent McLaren’s accord with the accustomed landscape. Sorry, John.
53. Contrary to accepted interpretation, the arresting “man alive press” brownish in the Music Avenue is not authoritative wine, but rather angel cider. During the 1894 World’s Fair, it operated as a fountain—possibly abounding with cider instead of water, although the actual almanac appears a bit bleary on that point.
54. The tallest cairn in the esplanade is one abounding bodies never see: a 64-foot cantankerous about 1894 alleged the Prayerbook Cross. Admitting ample in size, the surrounding copse accomplish it adamantine to see from best angles—possibly added McLaren handiwork.
55. The cantankerous commemorates Sir Francis Drake adage the aboriginal Christian prayers in California—something that absolutely happened afar abroad in Pt. Reyes.
56. Conceivably the best abstruse Golden Gate Esplanade battleground is a tree: the Liberty Timberline active in 1894 on the ceremony of the Battle of Lexington. There’s a applique appearance the acceptation of the planting, but you about accept to cruise over it to acquisition it.
57. Addition cogent but disregarded arboreal monument: the George Washington Elm, active in 1932 by the Sons of the American Revolution, allegedly the brood of a timberline from a cogent Revolutionary War armpit on the East Coast. The applique for this one is easier to find; agenda that esplanade administration says this accepted timberline is a replanting from the 1950s.
58. On the accountable of presidents, Golden Gate Esplanade additionally appearance a redwood bracken alleged afterwards Admiral Herbert Hoover, but there’s no brand advertence breadth it is. (It’s amid aloof west of the 20th Avenue and Lincoln entrance.)
59. Befitting with the activity of copse as symbols of overflowing patriotism, the Colonial Copse Grove, committed in 1896, appearance a altered timberline for anniversary of the aboriginal 13 states. This is additionally breadth you’ll acquisition that allegedly apparitional avant-garde statue.
60. Golden Gate Esplanade is additionally home to SF’s official anniversary tree, a Monterey cypress that dates to 1880.
61. Bodies generally appetite to bulb canonizing copse in Golden Gate Park, but timberline administration is a carefully regimented process. SF Recreation and Parks prefers you sponsor canonizing benches instead.
62. The aboriginal esplanade windmill appeared in 1903. The additional one accustomed four years later. They were as applied as they were decorative, accomplishing the job of pumping water—critical for befitting the esplanade from reverting aback into a desert.
63. The mills pumped baptize into Metson Lake, anew complete at the time.
64. Those windmills became anachronistic afterwards a few years aback in 1913 the esplanade switched to a motor pump system. The anachronistic mills became so alone over the abutting aeon that a advance attack that started in the mid-1960s didn’t accomplishment until 2009.
65. These canicule the windmills still accomplish a few hours a week, and still crave chiral operation via a behemothic metal bar and a lot of affairs to set them into motion—the wind takes over already the blades get moving.
66. Disregarded abutting to the Murphy Windmill (the newer, southern-lying of the two—the added is dubbed the Dutch Windmill) is the Millwright’s Cottage, congenital in 1903 as the home of the appointed windmill caretaker. Lest you brainstorm that this was a apprehensive calling, the “cottage” measures two belief alpine and over 2,500 aboveboard feet.
67. The San Francisco Archetypal Yacht Club in Golden Gate Esplanade dates to 1898 and is believed to be the oldest such alignment in the United States.
68. The Works Progress Administration (WPA) congenital the archetypal yachter’s adviser in 1937 out of salvaged abstracts from the 1906 earthquake.
69. According to the yacht club, Spreckels Basin (another bogus body, created as a reservoir) was “specifically advised for archetypal yachting.” Originally the club set their tiny argosy into the amnion of Stow Lake, but yachters activate its amnion disagreeable.
70. Established in 1901, the park’s backyard bowling club is additionally the oldest in the U.S.
71. The park’s flyfishing club—established 1894, and based in Golden Gate Esplanade aback 1933—originally operated on Stow Lake, but these canicule they accept three fishing pools all their own. Anyone can appearance up, borrow a rod, and apprentice to cast. The club alike has a fishing library attainable to the public.
72. For added abstruse Golden Gate Esplanade accomplished times, annihilation beats the petanque courts. Petanque is a French bold agnate to bocce ball, in which players bandy alveolate metal balls, with the ambition of accepting as abutting as attainable to a smaller, advance board ball. SF’s petanque club is reportedly the additional oldest in America.
73. Koret Playground (originally the “Sharon Quarters for Children”) was one of the aboriginal attainable playgrounds in the United States.
74. Children’s Playground already housed goats, chickens, a tiny little barn, and alike a miniature boondocks (dubbed “Rabbitville”) for rabbits to comedy in.
75. The esplanade carousel contains 62 beastly figures, including a tiger, giraffe, dragon, camel, and ostrich. Installed in 1941 (though congenital about 30 years earlier), it was the park’s third carousel aback 1888. This is addition extra from the Abundance Island World’s Fair in 1939.
76. Like abounding esplanade landmarks, the Japanese Tea Garden started out as a acting accession for the 1894 California Midwinter International Account (Golden Gate Park’s own “world’s fair”).
77. The tea garden’s roots amplitude aback to a “Japanese village” exhibition during the fair, which was the abstraction of Australian agent George Turner Marsh. He had ahead lived in Japan and opened Japanese acceptation shops in SF, authoritative article of a trend out of “all things Japanese.”
78. Turner awash his apple to the burghal afterwards the World’s Fair. The burghal again assassin mural artisan Makoto Hagiwara to about-face Turner’s apple into an accurate garden and tea house. Hagiwara went so far as to acceptation angle and birds from Japan to abide the site. Hagiwara’s aboriginal tea abode sat on a distinct acre, but these canicule it has developed to bristles times that size.
79. While Hagiwara’s brood sat in an bondage affected in Utah during World War II, the burghal rechristened his garden the “Oriental Tea Garden” to escape the ire of angry wartime boosters. The absolute name wasn’t adequate until 1952.
80. The 9,000-pound brownish lantern carve in the tea garden was a allowance from the Japanese government, one of abounding postwar adept gestures.
81. Today you can acquisition a garden committed to the Hagiwaras, busy by dwarf copse the ancestors planted, which the burghal removed in the 1940s for actuality too Japanese looking. The burghal afterwards alternate them in the 1960s. Ruth Asawa advised a applique on the armpit commemorating the family’s assignment in 1974.
82. The absolute blueprint of the park’s centerpiece, the Music Concourse, additionally has its roots in the World’s Fair. It was declared to be temporary, but attainable approval assertive the burghal to bottle things like the capital alley and some of the buildings.
83. One above affection of the World’s Fair that did not aftermost was the centerpiece tower, army with a huge electric ablaze to acquaint the abstruse wonders of the exhibition. McLaren blew it up with bang afterwards the fair ended.
84. The music stand—or Spreckels Temple of Music, if you’re activity ambitious—was decidedly not allotment of the exhibition, as it didn’t appear forth until 1900, a allowance from German-born Hawaiian baron Claus Spreckels.
85. Accurate posts and a huge ballast alternation originally apparent off the breadth of the concourse, but the alternation concluded up actuality donated to the U.S. Navy during World War II, abrogation the posts orphaned but still arresting for decades after.
86. De Young Architecture namesake M. H. de Young answer the World’s Fair plan afterwards seeing a agnate account in Chicago in 1893. De Young aloft the aboriginal $5,000—over $143,000 today—himself.
87. Creating the basement for the World’s Fair amount a absolute of $344,319—almost $9.9 actor in avant-garde currency.
88. It alone took about bristles months to arrect 180 barrio for the World’s Fair, partly due to the acting attributes of abundant of the architecture and partly because de Young recycled a lot of abstracts from the Chicago World’s Fair. McLaren, of course, hated all of this architecture in his park, but the banking allure of such a huge accident in SF overruled his objections.
89. The de Young Architecture opened in 1921, replacing a acting accomplished art architecture building. The accepted building, which opened in 2005, was complete afterwards the 1989 Loma Prieta convulsion abominably damaged the aboriginal one, which was demolished.
90. The alone allotment of the old architecture architecture remaining: the sphinxes out front, forth with the adjacent vases.
91. Those sphinxes were allotment of the “Egyptian building” at the world’s fair. That architecture bankrupt with the exhibition, but the abstracts accept backward in abode for about 130 years now.
92. Speaking of the de Young, a lot of park-goers don’t apprehend that the 144-foot ascertainment belfry is chargeless to the public—stop by any time (other than now).
93. Allotment of the address of the arguable Herzog & de Meuron architecture for the accepted de Young architecture is declared to be that the chestnut bluff “will accept a affluent brighten over time that will alloy alluringly with the surrounding accustomed environment.” Well, it’s been 15 years, and there’s no assurance of it yet.
94. That bluff uses 950,000 pounds of copper, shaped into 7,200 alone panels.
95. The 1989 convulsion so abominably damaged the California Academy of Sciences that the accomplished activity concluded up actuality rebuilt. Architecture didn’t activate until 2005, and the new facility, advised by Renzo Piano, opened in 2008. The aboriginal architecture anachronous to 1916, although the academy as an academy predates the park.
96. Attractive at the active roof of the avant-garde academy building, agenda that the looming domed hills on the larboard and appropriate are not adorning topography—those board the huge, annular accommodation that abode the museum’s planetarium and calm rainforest.
97. The Conservatory of Flowers, which opened in 1879, was the aboriginal “formal structure” in Golden Gate Park.
98. The conservatory’s Victorian architecture deferred to London’s Kew Gardens as inspiration.
99. A storm with 100 mile-per-hour apprehension burst 40 percent of the conservatory’s bottle in 1995. It took until 2003 to restore the building.
100. If you’ve anytime wondered why there’s a bittersweet garden in Golden Gate Park, that’s because dahlias are San Francisco’s official flower, by an accepted Board of Supervisors vote in 1926.
101. If Golden Gate Esplanade had an official annual it would acceptable be rhododendrons, McLaren’s favorite. Appropriately the park’s Rhododendron Dell, with over 850 rhododendron varieties.
102. Among the park’s ancient installations: A brace of active brothers opened a Casino abreast the conservatory in 1882. It angry into a disorderly bank that affronted Victorian San Francisco’s sensibilities so abundant that afterwards it bankrupt in 1890.
103. An anchor already stood alpine abreast Stow Lake, but afterwards the 1906 convulse it was damaged and never rebuilt. Alone a actual baby clue still exists to mark breadth already it stood.
104. The aboriginal Kezar Stadium, committed in 1925, was abundant beyond and added aggressive than the accepted venue, basement up to 50,000 people. The avant-garde amphitheater is a clean afterwards the burghal burst the aboriginal in 1989. The new one is alone one-fifth of its aboriginal size.
105. The esplanade has 10 lakes in all: Stow Lake, Spreckels Lake, Mallard Lake, Metson Lake, Lloyd Lake, Elk Glen Lake, Alvord Lake, and the three lakes that accomplish up the Alternation of Lakes.
106. Esplanade administration singles out Elk Glen Basin as one of the atomic visited baptize bodies in the park.
107. Mallard Basin is the alone accustomed basin in the park.
108. The burghal created the Alternation of Lakes out of absolute accustomed marshland.
109. The looming columns on the the shores of Lloyd Basin are all that abide of the Nob Hill abode of 19th aeon railroad administrator Alban Towne. The 1906 convulsion destroyed aggregate but this entryway, which was hauled to Golden Gate Esplanade to serve as a memorial.
110. Lloyd Basin was ahead accepted as Mirror Lake. The newer name commemorates Esplanade Abettor Reuben Hedley Lloyd.
111. The burghal doesn’t calculation Lily Pond (a above quarry abreast the AIDS memorial), as one of the park’s appointed lakes, alike admitting it’s absolutely bigger than a few of them. There’s no aberration amid a basin and a pond except nomenclature, so this seems to be a semantic distinction.
112. In the aftermost decade, Lily Pond suffered an aggression by the African clawed frog, a avid amphibian that overran the absolute abode and ate appealing abundant annihilation in sight. Active them out took years, and eventually the state’s Angle and Wildlife Department resorted to contagion the pond with chlorine until the alarming amphibians died off.
113. There are two waterfalls in the park, Huntington Falls abreast Stow Lake, and Rainbow Falls, abreast John F. Kennedy Drive and Crossover Drive. Both are manmade (like about aggregate abroad in the park) and can be angry off for cleaning.
114. McLaren absitively to actualize waterfalls for his esplanade afterwards hiking in the Sierras with John Muir.
115. The Rainbow Falls are alleged for the black lights originally installed at its 1930 dedication, which acutely are no best there.
116. The aphotic base of Alvord Basin Arch is busy with bogus stalactites, although abounding accept beat abroad over the years.
117. Alvord Arch was the aboriginal able accurate arch congenital in America.
118. Created by an act of Congress in 1996, the AIDS Canonizing Bracken was the aboriginal of its affectionate in the country. This breadth was accepted as the de Laveaga Dell, a name that’s still acclimated from time to time.
119. Admitting the esplanade is public, the canonizing relies mostly on volunteers and clandestine donations for upkeep. It was founded by volunteers in 1991, bristles years afore its appellation by the federal government. Those who appetite to angle in these canicule can advance for account clean-ups (currently abeyant in ablaze of shelter-in-place orders).
120. The memorial’s Circle of Accompany includes the names of 2,518 bodies “touched by AIDS”—some of them patients, some accompany and family, and some donors to the canonizing itself. New names are added every December on World AIDS Day.
121. Is abundance active in Golden Gate Park? In 1982, biographer Byron Preiss active a dozen bowl vases encased in plexiglas in parks beyond North America. Anniversary one contains a key that could be adored for one of twelve jewels (estimated to be account $1,000) Preiss kept in a safe drop box in New York. Abundance hunters accept there’s still one in Golden Gate Park, but appropriately far cipher has puzzled out where. This is the affectionate of activity bodies had to do to canyon time afore the internet.
122. Golden Gate Esplanade is, arguably, the birthplace of tweeting. In 2000, anon afterwards Jack Dorsey wrote some cipher that let him accept an e-mail reposted to as abounding bodies as he wanted, he absolved through the esplanade and entered the e-mail addresses of several accompany into the software, cogent them, “I’m at the Bison Paddock watching the bison.” This activity eventually developed into Twitter.
123. The tiny, hobbit house-like “fairy door” in this collapsed log is the assignment of SF artisan Tony Powell and his son, who acknowledge to the fan mail that locals leave for the fairies on their site.
124. That bogie aperture isn’t the first. In 2013, SF Recreation and Parks removed a agnate accession on a active tree, for abhorrence that it would abuse the trunk. The fairies accurately abashed elsewhere.
125. Hallucinogenic mushrooms abound artlessly in Golden Gate Park. Agenda that bistro agrarian fungi is alarming and can annihilate you. Don’t get any ideas.
126. Bordered by the Haight on one side, the esplanade was a accustomed alliance for hippies and artery kids during the Summer of Love, starting with the “Human Be-In,” a accumulation acquisition on the polo acreage in January of 1967. To the admiration of many, up to 30,000 bodies attended, and larboard about no blend behind.
127. Bodies accept abounding theories about why Hippie Hill became the focal point of SF counterculture in the 1960s—it ability alike be as simple as the actuality that it’s calmly attainable from Haight Street—but annihilation anchored its fable added durably than the day in 1967 aback Beatles guitarist George Harrison adopted a bounded strummer’s guitar and played an ad-lib one-man concert on the hillside.
128. No battleground commemorates Harrison’s performance, but Janis Joplin’s Hippie Hill strumming was so active to the accomplishment of the Summer of Love fable that the Janis Joplin Tree, breadth she allegedly sat as she sang, is one of the best apparent spots in the esplanade admitting accepting no official designation.
129. The park’s prehistoric-seeming Australian bracken allowance dates to the 1880s, aback McLaren alien the aboriginal of the huge bracken specimens. In the 1960s it becoming its added accepted nickname, Mescaline Grove, allegedly a advertence to the surreal qualities of the landscape.
130. The park’s Shakespeare Garden (circa 1928) appearance quotations by the acclaimed author and a apprehension of the scribe. But the absolute allure is that it’s active with flowers featured acutely in Shakespeare verses.
131. Among the plants and plays featured in the garden: poppies (Othello, act three, arena three), violets (Love’s Labors Lost, act five, arena two), and lilies (Henry VIII, act three, arena one, and this is apparently the alone time anyone has anytime had charge to adduce Henry VIII).
132. The Shakespeare apprehension featured in the garden is an artifact, a attenuate archetype of the one that rests in the Church of the Holy Trinity at Stratford-Upon-Avon, breadth Shakespeare himself is buried. This is why it’s alone rarely on display, usually bound in its cupboard, as esplanade administration frets that it’s too admired to leave unattended.
133. A abrupt and abbreviate attending at what some of the park’s credibility of absorption are alleged after: Stow Basin bears the moniker of California accumulation apostle (and angry anti-Semite) William W. Stow, who financed abundant of its construction.
134. Spreckels Basin is alleged for amoroso magnate and esplanade abettor Adolph B. Spreckels—not to be abashed with Spreckels Temple of Music namesake Claus Spreckels.
135. The de Young Architecture bears the name of bi-weekly magnate and World’s Fair artist MH de Young, whose alacrity for publicity and admiration for a bequest as a abundant benefactor pushed him to bottle abundant of the architecture from that affair.
136. Previously, Sharon Meadow was alleged for William Sharon, broker and U.S. agent who was a acclaimed benefactor of the park. The adjacent Sharon Architecture still carries his name.
137. Sharon absent his name affirmation to the meadow in 2017 in favor of backward actor and Oscar-winner Robin Williams. The renaming commemorates Williams’ decades-long abutment of the SF Comedy Festival, staged in the meadow annually.
138. Kezar Amphitheater is alleged for Mary Kezar, an SF philanthropist who larboard $100,000 to the amphitheater activity in her will in 1922, almost one-third of its absolute cost. The agreement were that the burghal anatomy a canonizing of bearding blazon in the esplanade in account of Kezar and her family, and she concluded up with a stadium.
139. Marx Meadow is alleged not for the Communist economist but for Napa citizen Johanna Marx, who additionally died in 1922 and absolute money to the park, $5,000 in her case.
140. The FC Egan Stables are alleged afterwards Fred Egan, a longtime horse trainer for SFPD.
141. Anybody recognizes the namesake of Martin Luther King Drive, but above-mentioned to the 20th aeon name change, this artery was artlessly “South Drive.”
142. John F Kennedy Drive was already accepted as Capital Drive.
143. And Nancy Pelosi Drive was aforetime accepted as Middle Drive.
144. Hellman Alveolate is alleged afterwards Hardly Carefully Bluegrass artist Warren Hellman.
145. Esplanade Commission Admiral William Alvord adjourned abundant of the conception of Alvord Lake, appropriately that name.
146. Metson Basin is alleged afterwards abettor William H. Metson.
147. The Queen Wilhelmina Tulip Garden commemorates the longest-reigning Dutch autocrat of all time, Wilhelmina Helena Pauline Maria.
148. Railroad baron Collis P. Huntington donated $25,000 to McLaren’s avalanche activity and got actual with Huntington Falls.
149. Bisected the day on Saturdays and all Sundays, JFK Drive is bankrupt to cars from Stanyan to Esplanade Presidio, abundant to the contentment of bikers, pedestrians, and skaters.
150. Among the city’s affairs for the park’s big altogether this year was a 150-foot ferris wheel, in the spirit of the old world’s fair, which featured a abate caster of its own. Acutely that’s no best in the cards, but conceivably the big caster will accumulate on axis at some point in the future.